اثنان

ثني

اثنان iŧnāni m. number |f. اثنتان iŧnatāni | as numeral, written ٢|
two اثنين اثنين iŧnayni -ŧnayni adv. two at a time, in pairs, by twos اثنان من __ iŧnān min __ [+ definite genitive plural noun or pronoun suffix] two of (the) __اثنان من البيوت two of the housesاثنتان منهن two of them

Mondayفي أول اثنين من كل شهر on the first Monday of every month الاثنين aliŧnayni, يوم الاثنين yawma ∙ -liŧnayni adv. (on) Monday(s) كل اثنين kulla -lʔiŧnayni adv. every Monday
Because Arabic uses dual suffixes to express the notion of 'two', it is only necessary to use اثنان iŧnāni for emphasis or to avoid ambiguity. When the number is used with a noun, it behaves as an adjective and follows the noun, agreeing in case, gender, and definiteness:بيتان two housesبيتان اثنان two housesالسيارتان the two cars, both carsالسيارتان الاثنتان the two cars, both cars
اثنا عشر iŧnā 3ašra m. number |f. اثنتا عشرة iŧnatā 3ašarata | as numeral, written ١٢|
• [+ indefinite accusative singular noun] twelveاثنا عشر بيتا (it)ŧnā 3ašra baytan twelve housesاثنتا عشرة سيارة iŧanatā 3ašarata sayyāratin twelve cars

• [definite plural noun +] the twelve Both numbers in the number 'twelve' are always accusative when indefinite, but when definite, the first word reflects the case of the noun and takes the definite article:جاء الرجال الاثنا عشر. رأيت الرجال الاثني عشر. The twelve men came. I saw the twelve men.جاءت النساء الاثنتا عشرة. رأيت النساء الاثنتي عشرة. The twelve women came. I saw the twelve women.

'October 2, 2013': desk calendar © Hend Khaled (p. 50) number 2

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